Death Penalty

Death Penalty

News in Focus: In Chhannu Lal Verma vs the State of Chattisgarh, Justice Joseph had observed that the time had come to review the need for the death penalty as a punishment. Contrarily, the government has decided to to amend certain sections of Protection of Children...

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Drugs and Clinical Trials Rules, 2019

Drugs and Clinical Trials Rules, 2019

The Union Ministry for Health and Family Welfare has notified the Drugs and Clinical Trials Rules, 2019 with an aim to promote clinical research in the country. The new rules will change the regulatory landscape for the approval of new drugs and conduct of clinical...

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Compensatory Afforestation

Compensatory Afforestation

GS3: agricultural produce and issues and related constraints   What is the issue? Recently, there is an intense discussion on the strategies needed for addressing farmer distress in India. Among others, assured and greater access to institutional credit has been...

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Artificial Sun Project

Artificial Sun Project

Why in news: Chinese Experiment In November 2018, Chinese researchers announced that the Experimental Advanced Superconducting Tokamak (EAST) reactor — an "artificial sun" designed to mimic the nuclear fusion process the real Sun uses to generate energy — had hit a...

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Ethics and AI

Ethics and AI

Social media giant Facebook announced that it will create an independent Institute for Ethics in Artificial intelligence (AI) with an initial investment of $7.5 million over a period of five years. Technical University of Munich (TUM) in Germany will collaborate with...

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Inequality in World and India

Inequality in World and India

Oxfam released its annual study Global Inequality report  before the start of the five-day World Economic Forum (WEF) Annual Meeting in Davos, Switzerland. Findings The 26 richest people on earth in 2018 had the same net worth as the poorest half of the world’s...

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Gender Inequality Index

Gender Inequality Index

The United Nations Development Programme’s GII measures the human development costs of gender inequality. A higher GII value — 0.563 in the case of India — indicates a greater disparity between men and women. India ranks 130 of 155 countries on GII. Neighbouring...

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Global Terrorism Index

Global Terrorism Index

The Institute for Economics and Peace in collaboration with the National Consortium for the study of Terrorism and Responses to Terrorism (START) led by the University of Maryland has released its annual Global Terrorism Index, 2018. It uses the data from Global...

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World Press Freedom Index

World Press Freedom Index

The Reporters Without Borders (RSF) has released the World Press Freedom Index 2019, reflecting growing animosity towards journalists. India’s rank dropped down to 140th from 138th in 2018, two points below the previous year. The parameters that are evaluated are:...

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